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Options limited, Republicans and industry groups seek to block Obama’s rules for power plants


 

WASHINGTON – Republican lawmakers and industry groups are vowing to fight President Barack Obama’s climate change plan and its first-ever emission limits on new power plants. But they’re finding their options are limited — at least in the short term.

Although the emission rules are just one component of Obama’s plan, critics are looking for an early win to show they have the fortitude to fend off other sweeping actions Obama plans to take, like pollution standards for existing plants.

Environmental Protection Agency officials say they’ve spent tremendous energy examining potential pitfalls and ensuring the rule holds up to scrutiny.

“Our best defence is to do it right,” EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy said Monday. “We think that it will stand the test of time.”

The rules would require new coal-fired power plants to install expensive technology to capture carbon dioxide. No U.S. plant has done that, largely due to the cost. Opponents say that makes the rule ripe for challenges.

A look at the options:

LEGISLATIVE

For Obama, the upside to using his regulatory powers is that no vote from Congress is needed. But if lawmakers don’t like a regulation, they can pass a resolution to block it. Senate Republican Leader Mitch McConnell, whose state of Kentucky is a major coal producer, says he’ll do just that.

The Congressional Review Act provides for expedited Senate consideration with a simple majority vote. And the Republican-controlled House would have little difficulty passing it.

Still, it’s incredibly tough to do. Since the act was established in 1996, it’s only been used successfully once.

Even if Republicans could muscle the resolution through both chambers, it’s nearly impossible they could override Obama’s certain veto.

Lawmakers could use amendments to other bills to undercut the regulation, or try to starve the EPA of funds. But Democrats who control the Senate would work to block those moves.

LEGAL

The Supreme Court has already ruled the EPA has authority, under the Clean Air Act, to regulate greenhouse gases. But that doesn’t mean the EPA won’t get sued.

“The chances for legal action are 100 per cent,” said Jeffrey Holmstead, the EPA’s former air and radiation chief under President George W. Bush.

A large number of coal-friendly states are expected to join trade groups in suing. The American Coalition for Clean Coal Electricity, which represents the coal industry, alluded to legal action when it accused Obama of effectively banning new coal plants. “It’s almost certain the courts will have to settle this issue,” said ACCCE President Mike Duncan.

Opponents say the rule’s key vulnerability is a Clean Air Act provision requiring the EPA standard to reflect the best emissions reduction technology that’s been “adequately demonstrated.” The EPA says four plants under development plan to deploy the technology. Critics say that’s hardly proof it’s commercially available or economically viable.

Still, lawsuits won’t be immediate. Opponents must wait until the EPA finalizes the rule before they can sue — a process that will take months.

POLITICAL

If all else fails, Republicans can try to bludgeon Democrats with the issue in the 2014 elections. After all, a slew of Democrats who backed cap-and-trade emissions legislation lost their seats in 2010, helping Republicans seize the House.

If Republicans strengthened their House majority and reclaimed the Senate, they’d be better positioned to obstruct Obama on this and other elements of his climate plan.

Many of the most competitive Senate races —like West Virginia, Kentucky and Louisiana — are in key energy-producing states where the issue could resonate deeply.

Not all Democrats support Obama’s plan, and the fact that lawmakers didn’t have to vote on the regulation may help. But National Republican Congressional Committee spokeswoman Andrea Bozek said it’s up to Democrats to distance themselves from their president.

“It’s their responsibility to explain it,” Bozek said. “That D next to their name allows us to highlight their support for Obama’s policies that are hurting jobs in their district.”

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Follow Josh Lederman on Twitter at http://twitter.com/joshledermanAP


 
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Options limited, Republicans and industry groups seek to block Obama’s rules for power plants

  1. The Republicans are a bunch of backward thinking intellectual slugs. They remind me of the Conservative Party of Canada. They are one and the same in their political objectives. And you’d expect Mitch McConnell, who makes me want to retch every time I see him, to vote against anything that Obama’s Democrats put forward on environmental protection policy initiatives. I hope that if Hillary Clinton gets the Democratic nomination and runs for President in 2016, that she wins with a decisive majority. What better revenge. For after being defeated by a black man, only to be done in by a mere woman? The press, political pundits, and the media, will have a field day.

    • Crushing America’s energy supply with panic-stricken carbon strangulation policies does the environment no good, and as people turn back to burning whole forests for things like home heating the gains in forested area of the past century will end up reversed.

    • The press, political pundits, and the media, They’re all stenographers for big media, wholly owned subsidiaries of right-wingers.

  2. “Our best defence is to do it right…”

    Except that the wrong thing cannot be done right no matter how hard you try.

    Regulations whose goal is to destroy existing wealth and degrade the economy to make creation of new wealth difficult are never going to be right.

    And it’s becoming ever clearer that increasing CO2 is just not resulting in increased temperatures, despite the predictions of the IPCC.

    CO2 increasing unabated:
    en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:CO2_data_mlo.svg

    Predictions of continued temperature increase with increasing CO2:
    http://www.ipcc.ch/graphics/ar4-wg1/jpg/fig-10-4.jpg

    Temperatures showing trivial, if any, increases for the past decade and more:
    http://www.cru.uea.ac.uk/cru/data/temperature/HadCRUT4.pdf

    Whatever else the actual observations tell us, we can now know that CO2 never was the Great Climate Boogeyman it’s been made out to be.

    • Coal is one of – if not THE – dirtiest fuels we use. Even if CO2 is not causing global warming, cleaner air is a desirable goal.

      • It’s quite possible to clean the pollutant emissions of coal (SO2, Hg, NOx, particulates, etc) without ‘throwing the baby out with the bathwater’ by demanding CO2 be eliminated.

        And as oil becomes more expensive due to the demand-supply curve, coal will become attractive as a feedstock for liquid fuels via the well proven Fischer-Tropsch process.

        • It’s not just a monetary cost, either.

          Sequestrating CO2 sucks nearly a third of the energy out of the system, meaning that you have to burn 50% more coal to get the same amount of electricity.

  3. Just pass a law saying that all of a power plants ownership and senior management must live within a certain radius, say 2 miles, of the plant. Then watch how quickly they clean up.

    • So a large power company has to cram all it’s generation plants into one small site, regardless of the availability of space, cooling water, fuel supplies, grid infrastructure, and everything else that makes power production feasible…

      It’s not a very practical idea.

  4. We have been hearing promises about “clean coal” for a decade now. Good thing that we did not buy into that one. Apparently they are unable to make good on that promise.

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