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Decisive ‘No’ vote sends Greece into uncharted territory

PM Alexis Tsipras: ‘I am aware that the mandate you gave me is not a mandate for rupture’


 

ATHENS, Greece — Greece lurched into uncharted territory and an uncertain future in Europe’s common currency Sunday after voters overwhelmingly rejected demands by international creditors for more austerity measures in exchange for a bailout of its bankrupt economy.

Results showed 61 per cent voted “no,” compared with 38 per cent for “yes,” with 97 per cent of the vote counted. The referendum — Greece’s first in more than four decades — came amid severe restrictions on financial transactions in the country, imposed last week to stem a bank run that accelerated after the vote was called.

Thousands of jubilant government supporters celebrated in Syntagma Square in front of Parliament, waving Greek flags and chanting “No, no, no!”

It was a decisive victory for Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras, who had gambled the future of his 5-month-old coalition government — and his country — in an all-or-nothing game of brinkmanship with Greece’s creditors from other European countries that use the euro currency, the International Monetary Fund and the European Central Bank.

“Today we celebrate the victory of democracy,” Tsipras said in a televised address to the nation, describing Sunday as “a bright day in the history of Europe.”

“We proved even in the most difficult circumstances that democracy won’t be blackmailed,” he said.

Tsipras called the referendum last weekend, saying a “no” vote would strengthen his hand to negotiate a better deal for his country. His government has said it believes it would be possible to conclude a deal with creditors within 48 hours.

But European officials and most of Greece’s opposition parties painted the referendum as one of whether country kept using the euro currency — even though that was not the convoluted question asked on the ballot. Opinion polls Friday showed that 74 per cent or more want their country to remain in the euro.

“Given the unfavourable conditions last week, you have made a very brave choice,” Tsipras told Greeks in his address. “But I am aware that the mandate you gave me is not a mandate for rupture.” He said he would seek to negotiate a viable solution with the country’s creditors.

How European officials react to the referendum result will be critical for the country, and a eurozone summit was called for Tuesday evening to discuss the situation.

German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Francois Hollande spoke to each other Sunday night and agreed “that the vote of the Greek people must be respected,” Merkel’s office said.

The referendum result was “very regrettable for the future of Greece,” said Jeroen Dijsselbloem, head of the eurozone finance ministers’ meeting known as the Eurogroup, which also will meet Tuesday.

Dijsselbloem, who is finance minister for the Netherlands, had been a steadfast opponent of Greece as it sought better conditions during five months of bailout talks.

“For recovery of the Greek economy, difficult measures and reforms are inevitable,” he said. “We will now wait for the initiatives of the Greek authorities.”

Sigmar Gabriel, Germany’s vice chancellor and economic minister, told a German newspaper the Greek government was leading its people “onto a path of bitter austerity and hopelessness.”

Tsipras has “torn down the last bridges, across which Europe and Greece could move toward a compromise,” Gabriel told the daily Tagesspiegel. “By saying ‘no’ to the eurozone’s rules, as is reflected in the majority ‘no’ vote, it’s difficult to imagine negotiations over an aid package for billions.”

Belgian Finance Minister Johan Van Overtveldt was somewhat softer in his reaction, saying a “no” result “complicates matters,” but that the door was open to resume talks immediately.

“What we certainly don’t want to do is to take decisions that will threaten the monetary union,” he told Belgium’s VRT. “Within that framework we can start talks again with the Greek government, literally, within hours.”

Time has run out for Greece, which is dealing with an economy in a protracted recession, with high unemployment and banks dangerously low on capital.

The international bailout _ under which it received nearly 240 billion euros in rescue loans — expired last week, on the same day Greece defaulted on an IMF repayment, becoming the first developed nation to do so.

Of critical importance will be whether the European Central Bank decides to maintain its current lifeline to Greece in the form of emergency liquidity assistance, or ELA. The assistance, currently at around 90 billion euros, has been maintained but not increased in past days, leaving the country’s financial system in a stranglehold.

Sunday’s vote was held after a week of capital controls imposed to halt a bank run, with Greeks restricted to a daily cash withdrawal maximum of 60 euros ($67). Long lines have formed at ATMs, while pensioners without bank cards have thronged the few bank branches opened to allow them access to a maximum 120 euros for the week. Queues at ATMs swelled again as the initial results of the referendum came in.

The ECB operates on rules according to which it can only continue ELA funding if Greece is in a bailout. Without an increase, it is unclear how much longer people will be allowed to withdraw 60 euros per day.

Some analysts say Greece is so starved of cash that it could be forced to start issuing its own currency. No country has ever left the 19-member eurozone, established in 1999.

The margin of victory was far wider than expected, and is likely to strengthen the young prime minister’s defiance toward Europe. Tsipras was voted into office in January on a promise to repeal bailout austerity.

“This victory for the ‘no’ camp will unfortunately embolden the government, but is likely to do little to convince the creditors that Tsipras is a trustworthy negotiating partner who has any ability to implement a deal,” said Megan Greene, chief economist of Manulife Asset Management.

“Any deal for Greece will involve a much larger fiscal adjustment than the one on which Greeks voted today. I don’t think that Germany in particular will be willing to make any concessions for Tsipras.”

There was confusion Sunday night over the fate of bank safety deposit boxes, with Deputy Finance Minister Nadia Valavani saying people would be allowed to remove items but not cash from them, and Alternate Finance Minister Dimitris Mardas later said the issue would have to be legislated.

Yiannis Gkovesis, 26, waved a large Greek flag in the capital’s main square with supporters of the “no” vote.

“We don’t want austerity measures anymore. This has been happening for the last five years and it has driven so many into poverty, we simply can’t take any more austerity,” Gkovesis said.

Constantinos Papanikolas, 73, who also clutched a Greek flag, said the result meant “a fresh start, a new page for Greece and for Europe, which has condemned its people to poverty.”

Opposition conservative New Democracy lawmaker Vangelis Meimarakis said he was expecting Tsipras to keep his pledge for a quick deal.

“If we don’t have an agreement within 48 hours as the prime minister promised, then we are being led to a tragedy,” he said.


 
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Decisive ‘No’ vote sends Greece into uncharted territory

  1. It must be mentioned that the root of this problem goes back many years when the EU invited Greece to join the union. Unsuspecting members, at that time, were not aware that Greece had presented hugely incorrect data that lied about the strength of their economy. Once they were members, it was possible to ask for loans, the size of which was obviously going to be impossible to pay back, but only Greece was aware of that. Here we may give them the benefit of the doubt.

    Unfortunately, one could be forgiven a vision of continuous flights of UN humanitarian aid for the next few years … diverted from Nepal, perhaps.

    Where are those judicious and perceptive Gods now, I wonder.

    • I have learned a few things that make me concerned for the future of Greece. One is that many citizens never bothered to pay their income tax ever. They felt they didn’t have to and they got away with it. The second thing I learned is that when Angela Merkel, the German Chancellor made deals for the banks to be paid with the bailout money in the past, people we outraged. They believed that Greece was going to receive the bailout money even though the country had accrued huge debts they could not pay. The Greek people seem to believe the banks and their fellow European countries should write off the debts and given them money even though real German people and their investments make up those bank assets. Why would anyone bail out a country that has no interest in generating its own income or paying the debts it incurred. Why would any other country lend money to people who don’t feel the need to pay taxes or pay back the money they borrow? I found out another quite shocking fact. Tourism only accounts for 16% of the income of the country of Greece. Why isn’t Greece a tourism mecca? It has beautiful beaches and fantastic historical culture. Why don’t people want to visit there?

      • Because sunshine is cheaper elsewhere….and protests aren’t fun.

        Long time ago Greece lost it’s language….became illiterate…had to ‘borrow’ Phoenician, and eventually add a few letters. This is normal for them

    • I won’t disagree, however, I believe the EU must shoulder part of the blame. When deliberating Greek membership, either it deliberately turned a blind eye to Greece’s problems or it failed to do due diligence. Either one makes it deserving of the haircut it’s about to receive regardless of whether Greece stays or goes. Personally, I think it’s in everyone’s long term interests for Greece to exit the EU – it didn’t belong in the EU to begin with, and it doesn’t belong now.

  2. The Greek Finance Minister just resigned.

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