First, there are the overly rosy economic growth projections. The Liberals expect Ontario’s GDP grow rate to double, from 1.3 per cent in 2013 to 2.6 per cent in 2017, bringing with it rising income, new jobs and a balanced budget that will finance billions of new spending promises. Now, compare that with the realities buried in the back of the government’s own economic projections. The province will create 23,000 fewer jobs this year than last year. The resilient housing market, which has fuelled household consumption since the 2009 recession, is expect grind to a halt, with the rate of house price growth falling from 4.7 per cent a year this year to 0.8 next year and beyond. New housing construction, which supports construction jobs, also will fall. The deficit will rise from $11.3 billion this year to $12.5 billion next year (before it somehow magically disappears by 2017.) Debt, meanwhile, will keep rising, pushing the debt-to-GDP ratio above 40 per cent.
Kathleen Wynne’s minority Liberals don’t seem too troubled by this bleak economic reality. They’ve crafted a something-for-everyone budget designed to appeal to left-leaning voters and shift public attention away from an ongoing police investigation into deleted emails in the Premier’s office. There are wage hikes for daycare and personal support workers. There’s $29 billion for roads and public transit, $11 billion for new schools, another $11 billion for hospitals and $500 million for colleges and universities. There’s even $150 million for free tablets and notebook computers in public schools. Then there’s the $2.5 billion “jobs and prosperity” fund—a vaguely defined corporate welfare program aimed at matching the kind of subsidies and incentives that have lured jobs to other provinces and U.S. states. The flagship of the budget is a mandatory, made-in-Ontario retirement pension plan that would require workers to contribute 1.9 per cent of their income, matched by their employers. The program essentially mirrors the Canada Pension Plan, aiming to replace 15 per cent of pre-retirement income and will be headed by Michael Nobrega, the former CEO of the municipal employee pension fund OMERS.
Where the money will come from for all these lofty new spending commitments, isn’t entirely clear. The budget proposes no hikes to sales, gas or property taxes. Taxes are going up for the richest two per cent—the roughly 220,000 people in the province who earn more than $150,000 a year. But even that will earn the province at most $635 million next year. Increases to tobacco and aviation taxes and a reduction in tax deductions for large businesses will bring in another $900 million. The province will raise another $900 million by selling off some real estate, including the headquarters of the Liquor Control Board and the Ontario Power Generation, along with some “non-core assets” in Toronto. Selling its remaining shares in General Motors will bring in another $1 billion. There will be another review of program spending, along with a plan to curb executive compensation in the public sector.
But it’s clear the government has its fingers crossed that much of its new revenue will come from the strengthening global economy and a rebound in exports driven by an improving U.S. housing market and the signing of new federal trade agreements. There’s also a lengthy list of demands for the federal government to boost its transfer payments to Ontario and match the province’s proposed funding for major infrastructure projects. Finance Minister Charles Sousa also made it clear that the province was more than willing to scrap its ambitious plans for an Ontario pension plan if the federal government agreed instead to expand the CPP.
If any of that economic growth fails to materialize, Ontario will make up for it with plans to pile onto its already massive debt load. The budget projects the debt to rise by $42 billion by 2017, to $310 billion. The province’s debt-to-GDP ratio will rise with it, to 40.8 per cent from a low of 26.2 per cent in 2007. That will cement Ontario’s place as the second-most indebted province in Canada after Quebec. Sousa reiterated a pledge to get that ratio back down to 26.7 per cent—but neither he nor the budget documents offer any timeline for that.
Granted, the Liberals’ faulty math doesn’t matter much. The scandal-plagued minority government is teetering on the brink of collapse. Its budget is less a roadmap to economic success than a populist election platform aimed mainly at appealing to core voters while trying to cannibalize supporters of the NDP. All of its major new spending announcements were leaked well in advance. There is absolutely no mention of its controversial and politically unpopular green energy plan, which offers generous electricity rates for wind and solar producers, except for a buried reference to 10,000 “clean tech” jobs in Ontario, well below the 50,000 the government had promised.
Progressive Conservative leader Tim Hudak, who had previously pledged to vote down the budget, arrived with a stump speech for something called a “million jobs plan” and spent much of the time dodging questions about Toronto mayor Rob Ford, with scant attention paid to details of the Liberal’s spending plan. NDP leader Andrea Horwath, whose support will make or break the Liberal government, didn’t show up at all, first announcing she wouldn’t attend, then saying she would, then cancelling her appearance and promising to hold a press conference tomorrow morning. She’s clearly under pressure within her party to dump the Liberals while at the same time trying to explain why she can’t support a budget that is tailored-made to her party’s demands. Sousa signalled that his government expects the opposition parties to act quickly, otherwise it might opt to call an election itself telling reporters it was prepared to “take this to the people of Ontario.”
But it’s worth remembering in all of this politicking that Ontario’s economy, once an engine of growth in this country, remains mired in stagnation. The government’s own optimistic projections still forecast several more years of slow growth, trade deficits and lackluster job creation. Not even the most expertly crafted campaign platform can change that depressing reality.