Whom will Trudeau name to cabinet?

Evan Solomon explains why a Prime Minister’s first choices reveal what kind of leader he will be

Liberal leader Justin Trudeau arrives at a campaign rally in Calgary, Alberta, October 18, 2015. Canadians will go to the polls in a federal election on October 19. REUTERS/Chris Wattie - RTS5032

Justin Trudeau arrives at a campaign rally in Calgary, Alberta, October 18, 2015. (Chris Wattie, Reuters)

“I will win, I have absolutely no doubt.”

Justin Trudeau looked serene as he spoke the words. There was no hint of hubris, no sense he was spinning me with some empty rhetoric. He said it as if he were making an incontestable observation about the weather, that, say, snow would come in winter. He knew everyone doubted him. He spoke candidly about being regarded as a lightweight, someone not ready to get into a fight with a tough, veteran brawler. It was all, he explained, part of his strategy. “People expect me to lose, so if I do, there’s no downside to it.” Then he paused for a split second. “But I won’t lose. I’ve been training my whole life at this.”

It was March 28, 2012, two days before his boxing match with the (now suspended) Sen. Patrick Brazeau. The sun was bright overhead as we spoke on Parliament Hill under the Peace Tower. I wasn’t sure what to make of the conversation at the time, but I was struck by how carefully he had plotted it out, how strategically aware he was of the benefits of low expectations. Forty-eight hours later, he did exactly what he said he would do. He destroyed Brazeau.

Now, in the afterglow of Trudeau’s massive majority victory, that brief encounter has the penumbra of symbolism, and it’s tempting to elevate it as a kind of foreshadowing to his ascension and Stephen Harper’s demise. But Camelot-style myth-making is from a bygone era. Political battlegrounds are gored with “candidates of destiny” lying wounded on the field, watching their egos die.

Related: Trudeau in the ring: That night in Ottawa 

There was nothing inevitable, nothing predetermined about Trudeau’s election win. It took a flawlessly executed, high-risk Liberal campaign, combined with a surprisingly narrow-minded, thuggish Conservative run, one that underestimated the antipathy toward Stephen Harper and his jacked-up politics of division. It also required the collapse of the NDP vote, whose strategists calamitously traded away Jack Layton’s optimism for Tom Mulcair’s dour pragmatism. The anatomy of the campaign has already been dissected—from the niqab effect to the economic promises—but it’s fair to say no one saw all these events coming together this way 81 days ago. After all, it takes a lot more than mere self-confidence to win a federal election.

Neither anecdotes nor elections reveal the true character of Justin Trudeau. Campaigns are, at best, Potemkin villages, facades painted with either negative stereotypes by opponents—“Just not ready”—or shellacked in shiny praise by supporters—“He will change everything.” For a politician, nothing reveals character more than the fundamental act of governing. It is slow, hard, grinding work, a process that might be fuelled by a vision and sunny optimism for change, but is eventually put through the shredder of realpolitik and the art of the possible. Even majority governments are seduced by the siren song of incrementalism, and get wrecked of the rocks of the status quo.

Over the last seven years, Barack Obama, whose initial campaign was really a kind of template for Trudeau’s, revealed the distance between soaring rhetoric and sluggish reality. Canada is not the same, of course; our majority governments do not succumb to the same kind of political sclerosis. But Trudeau’s real character will immediately be judged by his first decision, and that is selecting a cabinet.

Under Harper, the so-called “party of one,” in author Michael Harris’s phrase, a gelded cabinet bloated to 40 people. Trudeau has promised to make his smaller, but at his first press conference would not be specific about the size of the cabinet he will name on Nov. 4. But with more than 183 MPs to choose from, creating his cabinet will be an alchemy requiring a dash of geographic representation, a balance of gender, ethnic diversity and a mysterious system of reward for veterans and merit earned by star candidates.

For example, New Brunswick veteran MP, lawyer, and close Trudeau confidant Dominic LeBlanc might become the new justice minister. Veterans such as Ralph Goodale and Scott Brison have loads of experience in finance, but so does newly elected Bill Morneau, a former CEO who won Toronto Centre, and  who was instrumental in developing the Liberal economic platform. And what about former business journalist and Rhodes scholar Chrystia Freeland? Could she be finance minister? Former TV broadcaster and close Trudeau friend Seamus O’Regan, from Newfoundland, might get Fisheries and Oceans. And what about former Toronto police chief, Bill Blair? Public safety? Andrew Leslie, the former Canadian Forces lieutenant-general and head of the Army, could get Defence. A star candidate from B.C., lawyer  Jody Wilson-Raybould, formerly an Assembly of First Nations chief, might get a high-profile position. And where does Trudeau put the compelling star, Robert-Falcon Ouellette, a Cree from Winnipeg who unseated the NDP’s Pat Martin? There is also Harjit Singh Sajjan, a Sikh lieutenant-colonel who served and commanded in Afghanistan. He must have a role to play. Does Mark Holland, who took out Immigration Minister Chris Alexander, come back in, after four years in the cold? What about Mélanie Joly, who made her reputation as a popular candidate in the last mayoral race in Montreal?

Speculating about cabinet posts is the political equivalent of  playing fantasy baseball, and usually the pundits—like me—are wrong. But cabinet appointments—along with fulfilling his initial promises, such as raising taxes on the rich, and cancelling the F-35—are the first real indications of the kind of leader Justin Trudeau will be. Campaigns can win on charisma. Governing must run on character.


Whom will Trudeau name to cabinet?

  1. Evan Solomon’s map of Canada seems to be missing Alberta. 10% of 25 should round out to two ministers from Alberta…Alberta would probably be content with 8%, which is still less Alberta’s share of the populaton and seats.

    • Your provincial pride is commendable, but Alberta has a government. It is the PM’s task to manage our national government with, probably, a cabinet of 25 members. Personally, I don’t care if they are all from Ontario, if that produces a nationally-respected cabinet (Of course, that will not happen … I mean, not all from Ontario). Let’s hope that he has the courage to tell his members to leave their ego’s at the door, and let us politely let him have a reasonable ‘honeymoon’ period.

  2. Reporters seem to have missed the most important phrase in the Trudeau press conference.
    Cabinet ministers will be “deciders”.
    Unlike control freak Harper, Trudeau will expect ministers to take their files and move forward. He’s not going to poke into every policy detail of every file. Obviously he’ll be a Chrétien type. He has so many big issues in so many different areas, he has to focus on priorities.

  3. Let’s not forget Paralympic athlete and human rights lawyer Carla Qualtrough, who beat Kerry-Lynne Findlay in the tough Delta BC race!

  4. So the Toronto Star has Adam Vaughn making cabinet, and CBC has Chrystia Freeland and Bill Morneau.

    From three ridings in downtown Toronto that border each other! This is Toronto media’s Canada where sea to sea to sea mean Etobicoke to North York to Scarbourough. If you can’t see the offices of the Toronto Star and the CBC White Elephant, you aren’t in Canada.

    Trudeau has suggested the size of this Cabinet will be 25, gender-balanced, and regionally balanced. Two of the above three are going to be awfully disappointed.

    Catherine McKenna or Andrew Leslie from Ottawa, probably can’t be both. And that is writing off the other McGuinty.

    Good luck GTA men, Navdeep Bains, Mark Holland, the John McCallum. Enjoy the back benches. Should have ran in Newfoundland, like Seamus…! -).

    At least three first nations candidates, for Nunavut, Vancouver Granville?, and Winnipeg Centre…again, somebody is going to be disappointed.

    Ralph Goodale must be happy being the only MP from Saskatchewan.

    What about the old white men. Ralph Goodale, Marc Garneau, John McCallum, Bill Casey.

    And Domenic Leblanc gets one of the prized white male slots for certain, right?

    4 male MP’s from Alberta, 2 visible minority, one physically challenged…don’t think the guy from able-bodied white male Edmonton Centre has a chance. Alberta will feel slighted if there is not one cabinet member from Edmonton and one from Calgary…and that takes two male slots in the 25. I sort of expect Trudeau will short Alberta a cabinet member and it will get only one.

    100 Liberals MP’s probably expect to be cabinet ministers. Have fun Justin! -).

    • Rambling on and never really getting to a point.

  5. Very few women identified for cabinet posts in this article. What about Hedy Fry, Carolyn Bennett, Judy Sgro? Are they not as qualified? The article is superficial and presents a lightweight analysis of Mr. Trudeau’s campaign and character and posits he had little to do with the outcome. It was not just a convergence of all of the things that Mr. Solomon describes that lead to Mr. Trudeau’s victory. Give Mr. Trudeau some credit. It was Mr. Trudeau himself who articulated what the majority of Canadians wanted–we wanted to be better–and he gave us not only a plan to get there, but the leadership a country needs to change for the better.

  6. One of the first things our new Prime Minister should do is create the office of Parliamentary Carbon Budget Officer, on the same lines as the existing Parliamentary Budget Officer, to be tasked with establishing Canada’s carbon budget from 2015 to 2050 within the IPCC framework (subject to amendments suggested by further research and also reflecting issues of global justice & equity), with clear emissions reductions targets starting immediately aimed at (to paraphrase Kevin Anderson, Deputy director of the Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research) rapidly ratcheting up to around 10% p.a. by 2025 and continuing at such a rate to the virtual elimination of CO2 from the energy system by 2050.

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