Apple’s China factory conditions need perspective

Foxconn is one of the better options in a country still grappling with astonishing levels of poverty


Staff members work on the production line at the Foxconn complex in the southern Chinese city of Shenzhen. (Kin Cheung/AP Photo)

The New York Times tried to stir things up over the weekend with a lengthy investigation into the working conditions at Apple’s manufacturing plants in China. The story detailed all the gruesome details at supplier companies such as Foxconn: unsafe working environments, unfair overtime, overcrowding in dormitories, violations of employments codes and so on.

It’s a damning story, intended to appeal to peoples’ consciences when it comes to the electronics they buy. It is, after all, hard to feel warm and fuzzy about your new iPad when you think of the human cost that went into making it.

But the article is also a good example of tall poppy syndrome, where the media builds someone or something up, only to cut them down. Few newspapers have cheered Apple on more over the years than the Times, through columnists such as David Pogue, who is frequently accused of being a fanboy. It’s funny, then, that the factory story contains little context and historical perspective.

For one, there’s little mention of what Foxconn employees make and how that compares to the average Chinese worker. Such details are a little harder to find in mainstream media articles, which seem to relish in reporting just how bad workers at Apple’s suppliers have it.

The Times story cites one worker who makes about $22 (U.S.) a day, or about $400 a month, which is close to other examples. The most recent story I could find, on ITProPortal from a year ago, reported that Foxconn was luring workers to its factory in Wuhan–a city of nine million roughly right in the middle of the country–with a monthly salary of about $420. The average salary in the city, meanwhile, is $224, which means Foxconn pays its employees about 86 per cent more than the typical worker.

The numbers jibe with a similar story on Foxconn’s Shenzhen factory that appeared in Wired a year ago. Writer Joel Johnson got a fuller picture than the Times did by speaking with a Taiwanese guide named Paul and others:

Paul has seen his share of factories in Shenzhen over the years. I ask him about Foxconn, and he echoes the sentiment I’ve heard from others: Whatever problems Foxconn has, it’s still one of the top places to work in the area. “In terms of infrastructure, Foxconn is by far the best factory in China,” he says.

That’s a perspective that shouldn’t be forgotten by those looking to damn Foxconn and Apple by association. Working conditions are clearly not up to the same level as those in the West, but that’s an impossible expectation since China is still a developing country. These are the same, or possibly even better conditions than many Western counties had during their own development.

Obviously, every effort should be made to continually improve the situation, but the real question media should be asking is whether Chinese workers are better off with those factories being there in the first place.

I’ve never been to a Foxconn factory but I did travel all around China, where I lived for a year. After seeing the astonishing depths of poverty in rural areas, particularly in the west, there’s no question that many people living and working in the relatively modern urban hubs of the east have it better.

The situation is similar when it comes to global warming. The U.S. and other Western governments have been quick to condemn China on its greenhouse gas emissions, but Chinese officials rightly point out that their country has a right to go through the same growing pains as developed nations did during their own industrialization.

There’s certainly room for improvement but when it comes to things such as labour conditions and pollution, it’s  hypocritical for Western governments and the media to play the blame-and-shame game.


Apple’s China factory conditions need perspective

  1. There is also the fact that if you buy any electronic device, it is difficult to avoid circuits manifactured at a Foxconn plant, or at a similar Chinese plant owned by a competitor (like Jabil). 

    Which is not to say that conditions are fine in these factories, they aren’t. 

    • Yeah, they’re all made that way, not just Apple’s stuff.

      China is in the early stages of the industrial revolution…and it looks just like ours did years ago.

      And right on cue, they’re developing unions.

  2.  Shouldn’t we be like “OMG Apple is just the tip of the iceberg!” rather than “phew! it’s OK, there are other bad companies there too”.

    • Well, you’re welcome to your $2000 union-label made-in-Canada iPod. But the rest of us live in the real world, where someone has to make things, and jurisdictional arbitrage lets the makers be paid relatively well for the local area, while still being dirt-cheap compared to the alternative.

      •  This argument would be considerably more meaningful from people willing and eager to let their young relatives live there.

          • When the hippo above sends his immediate relatives to vie for the job in the manner of these workers, I will withdraw my comment.

          • If my relatives were facing the prospect of a five-cent-an-hour job in a region where the median annual income was $100, and they had an opportunity to get a ten-cent-an-hour job instead, I would certainly hope they’d take it, sure. 

            Try harder, sweetie.

  3. Apple’s stuff is made at the ‘best of the worst’ of the factories. Where can I line up to buy more?


    Glad Steve is gone.

  4. Gee, your  argument is kind of like saying to the person in need of a kidney transplant, that it could be worse, they could have cancer. That may be true but who believes that either one is a good thing

  5. China is a different country and a different culture than Canada. Values are different as are customs, traditions , history, perspective etc .
    These issues should be viewed in an ” apples and oranges” context.

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