Shanghai departs from infamous one-child policy

City actively encouraging two-child families to offset aging population

What happens when an exploding population is prohibited from having more than one child? Sooner or later, there will be a lot of old people, and too few young people to care for them. That’s the situation in Shanghai, where for the first time in decades officials are actively encouraging eligible couples to have two children in a bid to offset the impending resource-drain of the city’s aging population. Despite China’s infamous one-child policy, urban couples who are both only children and rural couples whose first child is a girl are allowed to have two kids.