“Because it’s… 2015.” That was how Prime Minister Justin Trudeau answered a reporter’s question about why he valued gender-balance so highly on the day he revealed his first cabinet to the country. The 31-member group was a fresh face for Canadian politics after almost a decade of governance by the Stephen Harper-led Conservatives. Now, with the SNC-Lavalin scandal forcing the government through shuffle after shuffle and some big name expulsions, Maclean’s looks back at that first cabinet, and asks simply, where are they now … and why?
(front row, from left)
Then: Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness
Then: Minister of Justice and Attorney-General of Canada
Now: Independent MP
What happened: In January, Wilson-Raybould was shuffled to the Veteran’s Affair portfolio, she claims as punishment for her refusal to accede to pressure to help SNC-Lavalin avoid a criminal bribery trial. Trudeau kicked her out of caucus this month, following weeks of controversy and damaging submissions to the House justice committee, including the infamous taped call between Wilson-Raybould and Privy Council Clerk Michael Wernick.
Then: Minister of Foreign Affairs
Now: Canadian ambassador to Germany and special envoy to the European Union
What happened: Dion was shuffled from his job in January of 2017, and was reportedly not particularly pleased about this. He was coy about his future moves before accepting the European postings after a noticeable delay of several weeks.
Then: Minister of International Trade
Now: Minister of Foreign Affairs
What happened: Freeland succeed Dion in January of 2017, and spent much of the next two years working to renegotiate NAFTA with the United States and Mexico.
Then: Prime Minister of Canada
Then: Governor-General of Canada
Now: Retired from public life
What happened: Johnston completed his term in October of 2017 and was succeed by the current governor-general, former astronaut Julie Payette.
Then: Minister of Immigration, Citizenship and Refugees Minister
Now: Out of public life
What happened: McCallum left Immigration to become Canada’s ambassador to China in 2017. He held that role until resigning in January of this year after repeatedly botching the government’s response to tensions with China over Canada’s arrest of Chinese telecom executive Meng Wanzhou.
Then: Minister of Public Services and Procurement
Now: Lieutenant-Governor of Newfoundland and Labrador
What happened: After a months-long absence for unspecified personal reasons in 2017, Foote resigned from cabinet, citing family health challenges, in August of that year. She was appointed lieutenant-governor of Newfoundland and Labrador the next year.
Then: Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food
Now: Minister of Veterans Affairs
What happened: Shuffled from Agriculture to Veteran’s Affairs in March of 2019.
Then: Minister of Indigenous and Northern Affairs
Then: Minister of Veterans Affairs and Associate Minister of National Defence
Now: Liberal MP
What happened: Hehr was shuffled from Veteran’s Affairs to the Minister of Sport and Persons with Disabilities in August of 2017. Once there, Hehr was forced to apologize after insulting victims of thalidomide contamination. Shortly thereafter, he resigned after allegations of sexual misconduct. He remains a Liberal MP.
(middle row, from left)
Then: President of the Treasury Board
Now: Out of public life
What happened: Brison resigned from cabinet and government in January of this year, citing a desire to spend more time with family. He quickly took a senior position at the Bank of Montreal.
Then: Minister of International Development and La Francophonie
Now: Minister of Agriculture
What happened: Bibeau was shuffled to agriculture from International Development in March of this year. Responsibilities for La Francophonie had previously been transferred to Melanie Jolie in 2018.
Then: Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development
Then: Minister of National Revenue
Then: Minister of Families, Children and Social Development
Then: Minister of Employment, Workforce Development and Labour
Now: Liberal MP and Chairwoman of the Standing Committee on Indigenous and Northern Affairs.
What happened: Mihaychuk was shuffled out of cabinet in 2017, a move she described as disappointing.
Then: Minister of Transport
Then: Minister of the Environment and Climate Change
Then: Minister of Finance
Then: Minister of Canadian Heritage
Now: Minister of Tourism, Official Languages and La Francophonie
What happened: Joly struggled early in her mandate over the issue of whether to tax Netflix in Canada, and if so, how. After struggling through a series of interviews in her native Quebec, she was demoted in July of 2018.
Then: Leader of the Government in the House of Commons
Now: Minister of Intergovernmental Affairs, Northern Affairs and Internal Trade
What happened: LeBlanc has been shuffled twice. After starting as House leader, he became Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard in 2016, before being transferred to his current post in 2018.
Then: Minister of Health
Now: Independent MP
What happened: Philpott was shuffled twice since 2015, first to Minister of Indigenous Services in August of 2017, and then to President of the Treasury Board in January of 2019. She resigned from that position weeks later in protest of the government’s handling of the SNC-Lavalin affair and, in particular, its treatment of Jody Wilson-Raybould. She was kicked out of the Liberal caucus, along with Wilson-Raybould, by Trudeau, who cited “trust” issues.
(back row, from left)
Then: Minister of Sport and Persons with Disabilities
Now: Minister of Public Services and Procurement and Accessibility and acting president of the Treasury Board
What happened: Qualtrough was shuffled to Public Services and Procurement in August of 2017, and briefly served as acting president of the Treasury Board in March of this year.
Then: Minister of Natural Resources
Now: Minister of International Trade Diversification
What happened: Carr was shuffled from Natural Resources to the newly created portfolio of International Trade Diversification in 2018.
Then: Minister of Science
Now: Minister of Science and Sport
What happened: Duncan has retained her duties at Science but absorbed the responsibility for Sport after Kent Hehr’s resignation in 2018.
Then: Minister of Infrastructure and Communities
Now: Minister of Natural Resources
What happened: Sohi replaced Carr as Natural Resources minister in 2018.
Then: Minister of Small Business and Tourism
Now: Leader of the Government in the House of Commons
What happened: Chagger assumed additional responsibilities as House leader in 2016, but gave up responsibilities for Small Business and Tourism (which were split among separate ministers) in 2018.
Then: Minister of Fisheries and Oceans, and Canadian Coast Guard
Now: Independent MP
What happened: Tootoo resigned from cabinet and the Liberal caucus in May of 2016, saying he needed to seek treatment for alcohol treatment. He completed the treatment but did not return to either cabinet or caucus, and eventually confessed to an inappropriate sexual relationship with a female staffer, who reportedly vandalized his office after discovering that Tootoo was also in a sexual relationship with her mother.
Then: Minister for the Status of Women
Now: Minister of Employment, Workforce, and Labour
What happened: Shuffled in January of 2017.
Harjit S. Sajjan
Then: Minister of National Defence
Then: Minister of Democratic Institutions
Now: Minister of International Development
What happened: Tasked with the public consultation process for the government’s ultimately abandoned electoral reform pledge, Monsef was criticized for her performance in that role. She was shuffled to Minister for the Status of Women in 2017 and to her current post earlier this month.