Minimum wage in Canada: By the numbers -

Minimum wage in Canada: By the numbers

Who pays what where and how it breaks down across the workforce



Ontario is moving to raise its minimum wage by nearly a third by January, 2019.  The increase will take the rate in Ontario from $11.40 today to $14 next January and $15 a year later. The $15 hourly wage will match an announced increase in Alberta, scheduled to go into effect in October of next year.

What does that mean to the pay cheque of a minimum wage earner? At $15, a full-time, 40-hour-a-week minimum wage job would pay $600 a week or $31,200 a year, compared to $23,712 at the current level of $11.40. This is what the minimum wage looks like across the country and how it breaks down across the workforce.

Who earns what where

Alberta ‑ Currently, the minimum wage is $12.20 an hour, but it rises to $13.60 this year and $15 Oct. 1, 2018.

B.C. – $10.85 now and $11.25 or more later this year.

Manitoba – $11, with plans to raise it every year along with the rate of inflation.

New Brunswick – $11. Adjusted annually relative to the consumer price index.

Newfoundland & Labrador – $10.75 rising to $11 on Oct. 1, 2017.

Northwest Territories – $12.50

Nova Scotia – $10.85. Adjusted annually April 1 based on the consumer price index.

Nunavut – $13. Adjusted annually April 1.

Ontario – $11.40.

Prince Edward Island – $11.25.

Quebec – $10.75, rising to $11.25 per hour May 1.

Saskatchewan – $10.72. Adjusted annually Oct. 1 relative to the consumer price index and average hourly wage.

Yukon – $11.32. Adjusted annually April 1 based on the consumer price index.

Who gets paid minimum wage (2013 statistics)

Men – (5.5%) vs Women (8%)

Age group – 15-19 (50.2%)

Education – Less than high school diploma (20.4%) vs. University degree (2.6%)

Full time (3.4%) vs. Part time (21.8%)

Top sectors – Retail (17.4%) and Food & Accommodation (26.9%)

Proportion of workforce

  • Newfoundland and Labrador (5.9%)
  • PEI (9.3%)
  • Nova Scotia (5.9%)
  • New Brunswick (7.9%)
  • Quebec (6.2%)
  • Ontario (8.9%)
  • Manitoba (6%)
  • Saskatchewan (4.5%)
  • Alberta (1.8%)
  • B.C. (6.4%)

 With files from Canadian Press


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Minimum wage in Canada: By the numbers

  1. Gee, Ontario’s not the only one

  2. 8.9% of Ontarians makes minimum wage compared to only 1.8% of Albertans. As I said, you cannot legislate high wages. The only way to increase wages is to create high paying jobs, something that fine arts graduate Wynne doesn’t understand. Based on the this statistics, there are 4X more minimum wage job earners in Ontario compared to Alberta! At the same time, the poverty rate in Ontario has DOUBLED under Wynne. Wynne DOUBLED the Ontario government budget from $65B/yr to $144B/yr thinking it would help the poor with more entitlements. What Wynne accomplished was just the EXACT opposite.

  3. Increasing the minimum wage to $15/hr will just end up destroying jobs for the poor. Industries such as restaurants and retail can’t even afford the current minimum wage, let alone a $15/hr minimum wage. They are the ones who will be affected by this legislation and will layoff workers to meet this minimum resulting in an even higher unemployment rate. Those employers that can afford to pay more already do, and don’t need to be legislated to do so. The stupidity of this move reminds me of how France legislated a 35 hour work week 15 years ago to “spread the work around” in order to lower its unemployment rate. 15 years later, France’s unemployment rate is more than twice that of the US, which doesn’t have such stupid policies. Go figure, Socialism never works, but that’s something the Wynne socialist government will never understand.

    • Hey, let’s follow your logic and LOWER the minimum wage, or just abolish altogether.

      • Singapore has no minimum wage, and guess what, it has a FAR HIGHER STANDARD OF LIVING THAN CANADA! Singapore’s PPP is $87,100 versus Canada’s $46,200. Singapore’s unemployment rate is 2.3% compared to Canada’s 6.5% and to top it off, the average retail worker in Singapore MAKES MORE than the average retail worker in Canada (see and keep in mind the Canadian dollar and Singapore dollar is worth approximately the same).

      • J,W. what’s most intriguing about your comment (which reflects many other Canadians) is how you assume that without a minimum wage, actual wages would drop. As I have so clearly demonstrated above, this assumption is clearly INCORRECT and to be honest, very ignorant. In Singapore, the government’s focus is to CREATE HIGH WAGE JOBS, because they understand that you cannot LEGISLATE HIGH WAGE JOBS. So even without ANY minimum wage legislation, wages in Singapore beats Canada handsomely hands down. Wake up because socialists like Wynne ruins Ontario with policies that simply don’t work.

        • These small business operators complaining about minimum wages should be ashamed of themselves.

          How can they stick their mugs in front of mics and cameras and defend paying their employees 11 dollars an hour, forcing them to live in poverty on slave wages, and complain 15 dollars will put them out of business.
          Have some pride in yourselves and your companies, stop starving your employees and sending them to food banks, and second hand stores. No benefits, no job security, no security on days or hours. Shame. Crawl back in your 19th century hole.

          • @J.W I am not sure if you ever owned a small business (I own two)or if you know what the margins are. The question is —ok, where do you think the extra 40% wage is going to come from?
            a) some or all from customers (increased consumer prices)
            b) some or all from small business owners profits (motivation decreases)
            c) some or all from the expense share allocated for labour (reduced hours or reduced team)

            You see the 40% money that is needed to pay is not “TA DA..” it does not create itself,
            People do not realize , the big companies will not have a problem, they will pay the increase and have ways of recovering, they also have enough savings, but it is the small business owners just like you and me, who are not “filthy” rich, “filthy” maybe from cleaning the toilets in my own business (yes, my paid employees don’t want to do it, so I do)

  4. Cost of living will eventually rise to offset the wage increase. Short-term gain
    for long term loss. Canada will just be less competitive worldwide.
    A country only really gets economically ahead by exporting and expanding your
    product markets beyond your own country. Look at Germany, Japan, South Korea
    and China. Rather than a so-called living wage, why not make everyone
    temporarily middle class and raise the minimum wage to $35/hour – factories will
    leave and exports will decline, imports surge.

  5. Alberta Vote for me (Independant) in 2019. Visit my facebook page for my political vision and mission.
    I will actively campaign for a stop of minimum wage at $13 and (1) will push the government to look into increasing overall production of goods and services which should lead to demand for labour (2) increase or encourage people’s capability and skills so that they can climb the ladder, provide a level playing ground for all human resources (3) interns are paid “$0” . I will campaign for government incentives for small businesses for recruiting, training as apprentices (4) WHMIS, TDG and other tickets should be 50% for jobseekers (I attended a resume workshop)

    Politicians just using passion of people to get them to vote. The average voter nowadays is more distracted, clueless and stressed out. Opportunist politicians are just using them.