A new global ranking that shows the degree of impact scientists at 750 universities had on the most important journals from 2009 to 2013 includes 28 Canadian schools.
While our top three entries won’t surprise many, the success of one province will.
The CWTS Leiden Ranking offers multiple measures of scientific research quality and output but most important is the PP(top 10%), which considers the proportion of publications from a university that made it into the top 10 per cent of the most frequently cited journals (think Nature and Science). The top 100 list is dominated by U.S. and U.K. universities with multiple entries from Switzerland, Netherlands and France, and one each from Canada, Israel, Ireland, Germany, Denmark and Singapore.
In Canada, the University of Toronto (87), University of British Columbia (109) and McGill University (119) come out on top, as can expected in global rankings. However, there is at least one surprise, which is that Quebec’s francophone universities—Sherbrooke, UQAM, Laval and Montréal—fare much better than they tend to in the Times Higher Education world rankings and the Maclean’s University Rankings.
Perhaps that’s because the Maclean’s and Times rankings look beyond scientific output to include things that impact undergraduates more, like student-to-faculty ratios, student support budgets, libraries and reputations. While Quebec’s universities receive the lowest per student funding (including provincial grants and tuition), its researchers are better funded on average than their counterparts in other provinces at $187,045 per full-time faculty member in 2010-11 compared to $160,816 in Ontario, $152,645 in British Columbia and as low as $54,318 in New Brunswick, according to the CAUT Almanac. Quebec researchers were out funded only by those in Alberta, who averaged $191,049 each. Alberta’s universities also land high up on the Leiden list.
Here are the 28 Canadian schools in the Leiden Ranking along with how they fared in the Maclean’s ranking of 49 schools, which are placed in one three categories, Medical Doctoral, Comprehensive and Primarily Undergraduate, in part to recognize the research funding differences. No Primarily Undergraduate school made the list.
|Canadian Leiden Ranking||University||Global Leiden Ranking||PP(top 10%)||Maclean's Ranking (category)|
|1||Toronto||87||13.80%||3 (Medical Doctoral)|
|2||British Columbia||109||13.10%||2 (Medical Doctoral)|
|3||McGill||119||12.90%||1 (Medical Doctoral)|
|5||Ottawa||185||11.70%||8 (Medical Doctoral)|
|6||McMaster||188||11.60%||6 (Medical Doctoral)|
|7||Calgary||228||11.20%||9 (Medical Doctoral)|
|8||Sherbrooke||235||11.00%||15 (Medical Doctoral)|
|10||Simon Fraser||267||10.50%||2 (Comprehensive)|
|12||Montréal||285||10.30%||11 (Medical Doctoral)|
|13||Laval||301||10.10%||13 (Medical Doctoral)|
|14||Manitoba||322||9.90%||14 (Medical Doctoral)|
|15||Queen's||324||9.90%||4 (Medical Doctoral)|
|16||Alberta||330||9.80%||5 (Medical Doctoral)|
|17||Dalhousie||350||9.60%||7 (Medical Doctoral)|
|19||Western||374||9.30%||9 (Medical Doctoral)|
|20||Polytechic Montréal||376||9.30%||11* (Medical Doctoral)|
|27||Saskatchewan||578||6.80%||12 (Medical Doctoral)|
|28||New Brunswick||592||6.60%||4 (Comprehensive)|
*Polytechic Montréal is ranked as part of the Université de Montréal by Maclean’s.