Can the Liberals bring 25,000 Syrian refugees here by end of 2015?

John Geddes on Trudeau’s risky refugee promise

People hold signs as hundreds gather for a rally organized by the local Kurdish community to call on the Canadian government to allow more Syrian refugees into the country, in Vancouver, B.C., on Sunday, September 6, 2015. (DARRYL DYCK/CP)

People hold signs as hundreds gather for a rally organized by the local Kurdish community to call on the Canadian government to allow more Syrian refugees into the country, in Vancouver, B.C., on Sept. 6, 2015. (DARRYL DYCK/CP)

If Justin Trudeau’s pledge to bring 25,000 Syrian and Iraqi refugees to Canada by the end of 2015 seems like a rash promise devised in the heat of an election fight, it wasn’t. The Liberal leader, now the incoming prime minister, drew attention to that ambitious target in early September on the campaign trail, after the heart-rending photo of a drowned Syrian toddler on a Turkish beach suddenly turned the refugee crisis into a pressing election issue. But Trudeau had urged the government to accept 25,000 refugees from the war-ravaged region more than five months before. It was the humanitarian counterbalance to his call for Canadian fighter jets to be withdrawn from their combat role, bombing Islamic State terrorists in Iraq and Syria.

The fact that Trudeau’s policy aim wasn’t merely an improvised response to the outpouring of sympathy for displaced Syrians after the death of little Alan Kurdi makes it even more puzzling to experts. Groups experienced with refugees tend to view ramping up the selection, transport and welcoming of that many newcomers in less than three months as extremely difficult, and maybe unwise. The promise now stands out among high-profile Liberal election promises as the hardest to fulfill on the timetable Trudeau set out during the campaign. In that respect, it’s shaping up as the first tough test of his ability to deliver, or perhaps of the country’s willingness to cut his new government some slack.

Among the top Canadian experts on refugee matters is Scott Heatherington, a former deputy director for the federal government’s refugee and humanitarian programs, who retired from the public service after serving as Canadian ambassador to Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia from 2008 to 2011. His experience in the field stretches back to selecting refugees in Indochina in the mid-1970s. Asked by Maclean’s if bringing 25,000 refugees from Syria and Iraq to Canada by year-end is possible, he said, “I think, if you want to do it badly, it’s doable; I just don’t think it’s very realistic.”

Heatherington says there are now only about 1,800 refugees from the region “in the pipeline” to come to Canada, based on commitments made by the outgoing Conservative government. The pool of Syrians forced to flee the horrific war in their country is huge: more than four million, mainly now living in neighbouring Turkey, Jordan and Lebanon. Heatherington said the first step the new government must take is to secure co-operation to meet the more ambitious target from the already hard-pressed United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees and the International Organization for Migration. “There are a lot of logistic issues where you need help,” Heatherington said. “You need to identify the people. You need to coordinate the selection on the ground. You need to do medicals. Security shouldn’t trump everything else, but it is something you need to be concerned about; you want to make sure you select the vulnerable, not the persecutors.”

As all that is happening in Turkey, Jordan and Lebanon, a parallel effort must be mounted in Canada. Heatherington said military bases have been used in the past “to kind of cushion the arrival of large numbers of people very quickly.” After that, finding homes requires more partners, particularly provincial governments and non-governmental groups. Even within the federal government, coordinating among departments that must be involved (Defence, Citizenship and Immigration, Public Safety, Employment—not to mention Finance and Treasury Board, to make new money available) will test top bureaucrats’ ability to move fast.

And all this is only to make good on the highest-profile half of the Liberal commitment: bringing in those 25,000 refugees who would be directly sponsored by Ottawa. But there is another less widely discussed part of Trudeau promise: working with private sponsors to bring in even more refugees. This is in itself a pressing matter. Ever since the Alan Kurdi photograph woke many Canadians to the urgency of the Syrians’ plight, hundreds of small groups have formed to try to sponsor refugees privately.

University of Ottawa law professor Jennifer Bond spearheads a remarkable project called the Refugee Hub, which is teaching hundreds of volunteer lawyers about the process of private sponsorship, then linking them with groups seeking free legal help. Her project began in Ottawa in early October, and she says it will roll out to cities across Canada in the next few weeks. Bond hopes the Liberals will move quickly to streamline the private sponsorship process. “It’s a real opportunity to make it easier for Canadians who are already mobilizing on this issue,” she says.

As for the promise to bring 25,000 here by the end of this year, Bond supports the goal. “Despite the fact that there will be some challenges, we, as a country, are up to it,” she says. Heatherington applauds the impetus, but is skeptical. “The commitment to do it by year-end is a catalyst,” he says. “I just don’t think it’s wise.”


Can the Liberals bring 25,000 Syrian refugees here by end of 2015?

  1. What do you call a politician who during an election makes promises he can’t keep to sucker in people to vote for him? A typical lying politician.

    • The election is over. Give the crap a rest.

      • Emily, simply because the election is over does not mean that we should stop paying attention. Politicians that lie should always be held accountable for those lies. Just because your guy won shouldn’t mean that all is forgotten. Frankly, I think your comment is despicable and you should be ashamed of yourself.

        • The Canadian media are unanimous in support of you guys and the old Harper ways.
          They say: ” We’re Canadians; there is absolutely no way we can do that.”
          “Let’s just hunker down in our little xenophobic ways, and do as little as possible.”

          • Boy, that’s for sure……..! Some Canadians have an ‘Automatic No’ setting, and to them the glass is always half full.

            The media has gone to great pains….for a week now… to tell us Justin is not officially PM yet……..and then they criticize him for not having the refugees here yet!

          • All the expert talking heads (i.e, unlike Emily-know-it-all) seem to think that while it is possible if all the resources could be brought to bear the difficulties argue against it. And didn’t you harp on Harper for the last few years on this thread, Emily? And just remember those “refugees” aren’t like your next door neighbours – or may be they are??? I would want to make sure there aren’t a few undesireables of whatever calibre among them. And lets not kid ourselves that UN screening is worth a pinch of pig turd.

  2. The Conservatives had no trouble expanding the TFW program to 380,000 individuals who paid $2+ billion into various government coffers….Trudeau should forgo this money and bring in the refugee families to do the work the TFW’s will be leaving along with the money leaving the country on a regular basis…..jobs, housing across Canada & their families living here in safety and money being spent HERE on their upkeep.

  3. :-) THANKYOU Canada and your brave good prime minister – well done , this the kind of leadership the world is crying out for thankyou. Hope sincerely other leaders follow

  4. The truth is, of course, that Justin is a politician and, like all politicians, it is occasionally necessary to make ambiguous statements. In this case, not being free to view the full picture of all the necessary data held in the PMO files, it is impossible to make judgements when not the PM.
    Therefore, when he said that he would “bring 25,000 Syrian and Iraqi refugees to Canada by the end of 2015”, we should accept, baring in mind that when the UNHCR states that there are only, at the moment, 1,800 refugees authorized to come, that he meant to say that he would bring ‘as many as’ 25,000 refugees here (if the UNHCR made it possible).

    The other truth here is that Mr. Harper’s government made such a mess of everything that people are now, unfairly, expecting Mr. Trudeau to make a precedent of all things bright and beautiful by doing the unthinkable, i.e., making prime ministerial decisions before becoming the PM.

    Please, people, can we give him a bit of slack … as we did before.

    • Correction: I meant to say … as we did for other PM’s before.

      • This sounds like excuses for not keeping ones word. Either you have integrity and are true to your word, or your a liar. Either you are realistic and thoughtful when making promises or you a lying politician who will say anything to win votes.

        • Actually it was all a Halloweèn prank when you look in the bottom of the bag that the liberals passed around it`s just a sticky mess. At Least the Cons dealt in facts, not wishful thinking

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