'To allow C-38 to masquerade as a legitimate omnibus bill will bring our institutions into greater disrepute' - Macleans.ca

‘To allow C-38 to masquerade as a legitimate omnibus bill will bring our institutions into greater disrepute’


Elizabeth May has just risen in the House on a point of order to argue that C-38 is an “imperfect” bill—see Standing Order 68(3)—and should be ruled out of order by the Speaker.

Below, the prepared text of Ms. May’s point of order.

Mr. Speaker, I rise on a point of order related to Bill C-38.  My point of order is based on Standing Order 68(3):  “No bill may be introduced either in blank or imperfect shape.”

First, let me set aside the argument I will not be advancing. I will not argue that C-38 goes too far as an omnibus bill or that it should be split. I will argue that C-38 is not properly an omnibus bill at all and therefore cannot benefit from the trend toward over-large and complex omnibus legislation.

I seek a ruling that the bill has not been put forward in its proper form and is therefore “imperfect” and must be set aside.  

The first observation deals with the nature of the “shape” of a bill at First Reading.

“ ‘Shape,’ according to the Oxford Concise Dictionary, is a synonym for ‘form.’  Therefore a bill according to Standing Order 69 must not be in imperfect form.  The question of a bill’s form is extensively dealt with in our parliamentary authorities, such as Beauschene and Erskine May…” (p.15479) 

(Per Harvie Andre (Calgary Centre) March 1, 1982, referring to same Standing Order as previously numbered SO 69).

Having said I do not intend to argue the bill must be split as being overly large for an omnibus bill, I do believe there is a compelling case that the House must act to set limits around omnibus legislation.  Speaker Lamoureux stated his concern that some limits must be established in his well-known musings on this subject (January 26, 1971):

“However, where do we stop? Where is the point of no return?  The honourable member for Winnipeg North Centre, and I believe the honourable member for Edmonton West, said that we might reach the point where we would have only one bill, a bill at the start of the session for the improvement of the quality of life in Canada which would include every proposed piece of legislation for the session.  That would be an omnibus bill with a capital ‘O’ and a capital ‘B.’ But would it be acceptable from a strictly parliamentary standpoint?” (p.2768).

This is a critical question, but for another time and for the House itself.  Rulings from Speakers Sauvé, Fraser, Parent, and Milliken have confirmed Lamoureux’s misgivings, but as well a general traditional view that it is not for the Speaker to say an omnibus bill has gone too far in terms of its length or in terms of the numbers of different items or complex matters in one bill.

My point of order does not rest on argumentation that 420 pages is too long for an omnibus bill, nor that amending, repealing and/or re-instating seventy different acts of Parliament goes too far.  So long as a bill meets the tests of being an omnibus bill, tradition will allow it.

In order to honour and respect the Standing Orders of this House, any proposed omnibus bill must conform to the established criteria of an omnibus bill. Furthermore, to be accepted as a budget omnibus bill, the proposed legislation must further conform to the rule that the implementation legislation must relate to commitments made in the budget document itself. 

The tests for a proper omnibus bill are well-established:

O’Brien and Bosc:

“An omnibus bill has ‘one basic principle or purpose which ties together all the proposed enactments and thereby renders the Bill intelligible for parliamentary purposes.’  One of the reasons cited for introducing an omnibus bill is to bring together in a single bill all the legislative amendments arising from a single policy decision in order to facilitate parliamentary debate.” (at p.724, emphasis added)

Citation 626 of Beauchesne’s 6th edition (quoted by Speaker Fraser at p. 9148, April 1, 1992):

“Although there is no specific set of rules or guidelines governing the content of a bill, there should be a theme of relevancy amongst the content of a bill. There must be a theme relevant to and subject to the umbrella which is raised by the terminology of the long title of the bill.”(Emphasis added)

Per Speaker Fraser June 8, 1988 (p 16255):

“The essential defence of an omnibus procedure is that the bill in question, although it may seem to create or to amend many disparate statutes, in effect has one basic principle or purpose which ties together all the proposed enactments and thereby renders the bill intelligible for parliamentary purposes.”  (citing Hon Member for Windsor West in debate)

Speaker Fraser went on to say, “I believe that his definition will stand the test of time and be useful to the House and future chair occupants for years to come.” (June 8, 1988, p.16255)

It is worth noting that while the 1982 Energy Bill was split through the action of the House, due to the determined action of the Opposition, and not by the Speaker, Speaker Fraser holds the Energy Bill up and by inference uses it as an example of a bill that went too far in its attempt to claim all legislative changes fit a common purpose.  He compares and contrasts it with the Free Trade legislation which formed the context in which his lengthy and detailed canvassing of the issues took place in 1988.  The implication is clear that, in Speaker Fraser’s view, the 1982 Energy Bill failed the test of the omnibus definition he had put forward.  As such, although it is at best obiter dicta, it does serve to add weight to the notion that simply calling legislation “omnibus” will not assure that it can be accepted as such.

His final summation on the detailed ruling does indeed confirm that the Speaker has the authority to find if a bill is in the proper shape.  The Speaker has the authority to determine if a piece of legislation meets the test of being a true “omnibus bill.”

Speaker Fraser ruled:

“Bill C-130 is indeed an omnibus bill – it meets the definition as stated by the Hon. Member for Windsor West in that it has a single purpose, while amending various statutes but without further guidance from the House and based on the practice to this day, it should be allowed to proceed without interference from the Chair.”  (p. 16258, June 8, 1988)

It is clear that the Speaker is not (at present and in the absence of rules from the House to limit the length and complexities of omnibus bills) entitled to rule that an omnibus bill is too long, too complex or too broad in its scope.  It is also clear that a Speaker is entitled to determine if legislation purporting to be an omnibus bill is actually in the proper shape to be considered an omnibus bill.  The tests are also clear.  To be an omnibus bill it must have “a single purpose.”  

Bill C-38 is “imperfect.” It fails the tests of being a proper omnibus bill:

1)    It fails to have a central theme, “one basic principle or purpose,”  in order to be legitimized as a reasonable basis for debate and study;

2)    It fails to provide a link between items in C-38 and the budget itself ;

3)    It fails by omitting actions, regulatory and legislative changes described by representatives of the Privy Council as part of Bill C-38.  The omission of items that the Ministers and honourable members speaking for Privy Council assert are in C-38 further confirms the bill is imperfect, unready and requiring a re-working.

I will take each of these failings in turn.

Bill C-38 has no theme, no basic principle

Firstly, Bill C-38 does not have a “theme of relevancy,” “one basic principle or purpose,” nor does it arise from a “single policy decision.” 

I anticipate that the Conservative Privy Council Officers will respond that its theme is the budget.  It is titled “An act to implement certain provisions of the budget tabled in Parliament on March 29, 2012 and other measures.”  

A budget is no longer a fiscal statement comprising changes to the Income Tax Act and other tax measures.  It is understood to be a policy statement, and, as such, a policy statement that can be considered a theme.

Commentators have warned that this trend undermines the role of Parliament in proper oversight of the public purse and of individual pieces of legislation.  Professor Ned (C.E.S.) Franks, Professor Emeritus at Queen’s University, wrote in 2010 that:

Canadian budget implementation acts… have morphed from short bills dealing with minor items mentioned in the budget speech to enormous omnibus bills…. Parliament cannot study them properly….These omnibus budget implementation bills subvert and evade the normal principles of parliamentary review of legislation. (“Omnibus bills subvert our legislative process,”  Globe and Mail, July 14, 2010).

As the anti-democratic risks of omnibus bills draw greater scrutiny, the links to policy must not be accepted on faith.  Nor should they be loose or sloppy in analysis.  Much rides on knowing that there is a legitimate link between the measures in an omnibus budget bill and the budget itself.  If the link is not there, the legislation fails to meet the tests of an omnibus bill.

The failure of opposition parties in recent years to adequately challenge the creeping nature of omnibus budget bills cannot, in itself, create precedents.  The silence of opposition parties, and therefore of the Speaker, do not create affirmative approval of the so-called omnibus budget bills of 2009 and 2010.

Returning to the first test of whether the bill is properly an “omnibus” bill, Bill C-38 does not have one central theme. 

Even if one accepts that the budget document of March 29, 2012, with its myriad policy and fiscal initiatives, represents a “theme,” “a single purpose,” Bill C-38 contains much that was simply never mentioned in the budget, and which further fails to have more than a fanciful connection to the public relations short title of the bill “Jobs, Growth and Long-term Prosperity.” 

This is frankly baffling. Budget 2012 covers hundreds of areas. There was no limit or restriction for the Minister of Finance in the topics that were chosen for inclusion.  The Privy Council Officers who signed off on the March 29 budget had abundant opportunity to ensure that nothing included in C-38, the Budget Implementation Act, would fall outside the scope of the budget itself.  Had they done so, the affront to Parliament would, at least, fall within our rules.  The respect for the Westminster Parliamentary tradition and our role as Parliamentarians would not have been so egregiously abused.

As it is, I maintain that C-38 fails to meet the first test to ascertain whether it is properly an omnibus budget bill —   whether the measures in C-38 are included in the budget itself.  The following examples establish that C-38 fails to provide a link between items in C-38 and the budget itself.

Aspects of C-38 not found in budget 2012:

While “streamlining,” eliminating duplicative reviews and time-limits for of reviews under the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act were flagged in the budget, the fact that the Act was to be repealed was never mentioned in the March 2012 Budget. The budget suggested important amendments to the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act, but it simply never mentioned repealing the Act and introducing an entirely new legislative scheme.  It never mentioned that “triggers” for federal review, in place since the 1980s Guidelines Order, such as the presence of federal funds in the proposed undertaking as a trigger for required review, would be removed.  The Budget never mentioned wholesale re-definition of the substance of review, of those impacts that require study under the act.   These changes are not relevant to the proposed rationalization for “streamlining.”  These, and other changes, represent a retreat from federal responsibilities for which no foundation was laid in the budget.

Further, the Fisheries Act was not mentioned in the budget at all.  Other than reductions in available funding for the Department of Fisheries and Oceans (at p. 266, Budget 2012), enhanced funding for First Nations fisheries (p. 150, Budget 2012), and increased funding for fisheries science (at p. 120, Budget 2012), fisheries are not mentioned in the budget at all.  Nowhere in the budget is it suggested, or required as a legislative change to implement other parts of the budget, that a major overhaul of the Fisheries Act is to be expected.  The changes to the Fisheries Act concealed in C-38 are simply the most far-reaching, radical and fundamental changes to the Fisheries Act in Canada’s history.  Nothing less would have provoked four former Ministers of Fisheries and Oceans (representing fisheries policy under three different Prime Ministers from 1985-2006) to speak with one voice in urging the act be withdrawn.  And yet, the proposed amendments to the Fisheries Act were not mentioned at all in the Budget.  They are not anchored to any promised change in the budget.  Unmoored from the budget, the changes to the Fisheries Act lack all legitimacy.

Also unmentioned in the budget are changes to the functions of personnel within National Parks.  The amendments to the Parks Canada Agency Act (found in Division 9, Part 4 of C-38 at p. 241) are perhaps sensible.  They would allow Parks Canada Agency park wardens to enforce other acts for other agencies.  Regardless of whether such changes are offensive or not (and without further study of the long-term implications for Parks Canada’s core mandate, I cannot say) is irrelevant to the main point – these changes have nothing whatsoever to do with Budget 2012.  Parks Canada’s budget is reduced (p.264) and (at p, 185) a new National Park is announced (without funding) for the Rouge Valley, near Toronto.  Neither of these budgetary mentions have any connection to the C-38 amendments of the Parks Canada Agency Act.

Amendments to the Canada Oil and Gas Operations Act (Part 3, Division 3) to give the National Energy Board authority over pipelines and power lines crossing navigable waters (removing the authority  held under the Navigable Waters Protection Act) were also never mentioned in the budget.   

There is similarly no mention in the budget of changes to the Species at Risk Act, the Canadian Environmental Protection Act or the Navigable Waters Protection Act.  The only reference to the policy area of species at risk in the budget was to provide more funding (p. 183, Budget 2012).   If the act governing species at risk required overhaul to deliver on this aspect of the budget, why was it never mentioned in the budget?  There is no nexus between the one reference to species at risk in Budget 2012 and the subsequent legislative changes in C-38.  There is no reference at all to policy or legislative changes in the budget related to the Canadian Environmental Protection Act or the Navigable Waters Protection Act.

The repeal of the Kyoto Protocol Implementation Act could not be described as a surprise.  The current executive branch has made it very clear that it wishes to repudiate Canada’s global treaty obligations. Nevertheless, I ask you, Mr. Speaker, to consider the rules and precedents of Parliament.  A measure in an omnibus budget bill is only legitimate if it has some relation to a central organizing theme.  The topic of climate change is never once mentioned in the Budget.  The House cannot take the equivalent of “judicial notice” – that “everyone knows” the Prime Minister intends to kill the Kyoto Protocol Implementation Act.  The Prime Minister, or more accurately, his Minister of Environment, has all the powers and authorities necessary to present legislation to this House to repeal the Kyoto Protocol Implementation Act.  And the Conservatives have a majority of seats in both places, making it a foregone conclusion that properly tabled legislation will meet with Parliamentary approval. Should the Privy Council officers respond that the “jobs, growth and long-term prosperity” agenda is related to repealing this act, they must be called upon to make proof of that assertion.  The KPIA provisions make its terms moot with the withdrawal of Canada from the Kyoto Protocol, through the action announced by the Minister of Environment in December 2011.  The repeal of the act included in C-38 is further evidence that the act has no central theme or purpose or principle.

Moving on from the environmental aspects of C-38, there are other legislative changes for which no foundation has been laid in the budget. 

One of the most serious changes in C-38 relate to a new supremacy of Privy Council to over-ride decisions of the National Energy Board (Division 2, Part 3, s. 54).  This change to the National Energy Board Act was not mentioned at all in the budget document, nor was it shared in advance explanatory notes.  It is not connected to any theme but is a significant change in the context of a quasi-judicial body with a long history of professionalism.  There has been no explanation, so it is impossible to find in this change any link or theme to connect it to other aspects of C-38.

The elimination of the office of the Inspector General under the Canadian Security Intelligence Service has no connection whatsoever to the budget (Division 15, Part 4).  Neither are the changes (found in the same section) to consolidate the responsibility for reviewing the activities of the Canadian Security Intelligence Service, or CSIS, into the Security Intelligence Review Committee foreshadowed in the Budget2012. To attempt to find a theme that embraces repealing the KPIA, weakening of fisheries habitat protection and elimination of the Inspector General of CSIS within C-38 is an exercise to make your head hurt.   

The new provisions for conditional release decisions within the Corrections and Conditional Release Act are also completely unhinged from anything in the budget. There is no logical (or even illogical) link between budgetary measures and the changes in Bill C-38 found at (Division 37, Part 4).

The repeal of the Fair Wages and Hours of Labour Act is not referenced in Budget 2012. The repeal of this Act could have widespread implications.  It is not related to other aspects of C-38 and it further drives home the point that there is no “theme” to C-38.  (Division 23, Part 4).

One of the most profound changes to Canada contained in C-38 relates to the surrendering of sovereignty in relation to law enforcement.  While certain measures for improved movement of goods at the border are mentioned in the budget, the so-called “ship-rider” provisions are not mentioned (Division 12, Part 4).   The decision to allow the law enforcement officials from another sovereign nation onto Canadian territory to enforce foreign laws is a dramatic and radical change.   The Privy Council is (as noted above) entitled to table legislation to reduce the traditional understanding of Canadian sovereignty.  Such a radical departure from the universally understood principles of sovereignty merit legitimate debate and review.  Given the majority of seats held by the Conservative Party, so long as Members of Parliament are required by their whip to vote with their Cabinet colleagues, any such bill will pass.  But, Mr. Speaker, this measure is not linked to the policy direction of the budget. It is not referenced. And as such, it is further evidence that C-38 is not a proper omnibus budget bill.

The complete list of measures that had no connection to the budget involves the elimination of numerous bodies and consequential repeal of numerous agencies, never mentioned in the budget. I know that the above list is not exhaustive, but covers many of the larger measures for which there is not link to Budget 2012.

Items that Privy Council Officers believe to be in C-38, that are not there

The third ground on which I make the case that C-38 violates Standing Order 68(3) is that it fails by omitting actions, regulatory and legislative changes described by representatives of the Privy Council as part of Bill C-38.  The omission of items that the Ministers and honourable members speaking for Privy Council assert are in C-38 further confirms the bill is imperfect, unready and requiring a re-working.

I will cite numerous examples from the debate at Second Reading of C-38 in which Members of the Privy Council and Conservative Members of Parliament speak favourably to aspects of the legislation that are actually not in Bill C-38 at all.  I anticipate that Conservative members may claim that people make mistakes in debate and that the claims that were made about C-38 are not substantive; that statements made in debate cannot add to the evidence that C-38 is imperfect. 

In other Parliaments that may have been true.  The occasional enthusiastic slip of the tongue does not undermine a governing party’s description of its legislation. 

However, Mr. Speaker, these are not occasional slips.  The claims of provisions in Bill C-38 that simply are not there were made by the Minister of Natural Resources and by the Minister of Environment.  The claims were made, not in extemporaneous fashion – as if such exists in the ranks of the governing party of the day.  The claims were made in prepared speaking notes.  The same words and virtually verbatim text were submitted by a number of back-benchers as well.

In relation to claims of greater tanker and pipeline safety, I submit the following statements in debate at Second Reading of Bill C-38:

“Mr. Speaker, the bill will do a great deal to protect the environment… As I mentioned in my remarks, tankers will have to be double-hulled, there will be mandatory pilotage, there will be enhanced navigation, there will be aerial surveillance and additional measures will be taken in particular cases when necessary.”  Minister for Natural Resources, May 2, 2012 (at 1610)

“The legislation before us…. (It) would provide new funding in support of  pipeline and marine safety…..It would provide $35.7 million over two years to further strengthen Canada’s tanker safety regime, including ensuring appropriate legislative and regulatory frameworks related to oil spills and emergency preparedness and response.” Minister of the Environment, May 3, 2012, (at 1125.)

“We would enhance pipeline and marine safety through initiatives such as a strengthened tanker safety regime and a substantial increase in the number of inspections for oil and gas pipelines.” Hon. Member from Prince George,  May 4,2012, (at 1255) 

“I would like to speak directly to the budget bill…. We will strengthen pipeline safety.  Every Canadian would support strengthening pipeline safety. … The reality is that pipeline inspections will increase from 100 to 150 inspections. I am sure that is something that everyone in this House would support.”  Hon. Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of International Trade, May 7, 2012, (at 1240.)

“There is an additional $35.7 million proposed over the next two years to further improve the safety regimen for oil tankers and pipelines, to support ongoing environmental studies and better prepare for emergencies… The act also proposes an additional $13.5 million over two years to support the work of the National Energy Board that we may further reduce any risk, with more oil and gas pipeline inspections, moving from 100 to 150 per year, and double the number of annual audits designed to discover and resolve potential issues before they become a concern for Canadians…These unparalleled safety precautions for oil tankers were recently the subject of an excellent series in North Shore Outlook, a community newspaper serving the a region in the riding I represent.” Hon. Member for West Vancouver-Sunshine Coast- Sea to Sky Country, May 8, 2012

(just before 1055 and on.)

“…the safe navigation of oil tankers is very important to our government. Oil tankers have been moving safely and regularly along Canada’s west coast since the 1930s. For example 82 oil tankers arrived at Port Metro Vancouver in 2011.  Nearly 200 tankers visited the ports of Prince Rupert and Kitimat over the past five years, They all did this safely….Canada’s regulatory system had a lot to do with that.  Oil tankers in Canada must comply with the safety and environmental protection requirements of international conventions, and, while in Canadian waters, with Canada’s marine safety regulatory regime….These requirements include double-hulling of ships, mandatory pilotage, regular inspections and aerial surveillance. In fact, in 2011, almost 1,100 inspections were carried out across Canada, 147 of them on oil tankers.

“We have a strong system, but any responsible government must continually work to make it stronger.  That is why economic action plan 2012 includes further measures to support responsible energy development, including: new regulations which will enhance existing tanker inspection regime by strengthening vessel inspection requirements, a review of handling requirements for oil products by an independent international panel of tanker experts, improved navigational products, such as updated charts for shipping routes, research to improve our scientific knowledge and understanding of risks and to manage the impacts on marine resources habitat and users in the event of a marine pollution incident, and much more.”  Hon. Member for North Vancouver, May 10, 2012, (at 1115.)

“I have heard much about the concern of tanker traffic specific to our west coast.  Oil tankers have been moving safely and regularly along Canada’s west coast since the 1930s. For example 82 oil tankers arrived at Port Metro Vancouver last year, and over the past five years nearly 200 oil and chemical tankers visited the ports of Prince Rupert and Kitimat.  They all did so safely.

“We propose to invest $13.5 million over two years to strengthen pipeline safety. We will do this by increasing the number of inspections, moving from 100 to 150, and we will double the number of annual comprehensive audits from three to six, to identify issues before incidents happen. Why? Because we value the importance of economic stewardship.”  Honourable Member for Kootenay-Columbia, May 10, 2012, at 1200 

Mr, Speaker, there is absolutely nothing in Bill C-38 that advances tanker safety or pipeline safety.  The budget document itself mentions that such changes are planned, but C-38 omits any reference to them. Ironically, after the litany of measures never mentioned in Budget 2012 that are included in C-38, in this case, the budget promises these changes, but C-38 has not a word about pilotage or double-hulled tankers or increasing pipeline inspections.

We have a choice here: either to conclude that ministers and other honourable members were deliberately misleading the House, or, and I submit this is the only sensible conclusion, that there are errors in C-38 that have omitted important sections.  

In the matter of environmental assessment, ministers and other honourable members also asserted specific language to the new provisions to allow the complete substitution of federal environmental review with a provincial one. The specificity of language and its repetition suggest they honestly believe the legislation is drafted in a way that it is not.

“It would allow provincial environmental assessments that meet the substantive requirements of the Canadian Environmental Assessment Act to be substituted for the federal environmental assessment. In some cases, the provincial process may be deemed equivalent to the federal process.  However, these provisions will only be put into effect if the province can demonstrate it can meet federal requirements.” Minister for Natural Resources, May 2, 2012 at (1610)

“Mr. Speaker, the whole point of the exercise is to ensure that we have a robust environmental review of major projects….There will be an opportunity for substitution by the province but only if the particular province in question has the capacity and the willingness to conduct an identical level review.” Minister for Natural Resources, May 2, 2012 at (1615)

“I want people to read the legislation. It talks about substitution. It does not talk about elimination. If there is an environmental assessment at the federal level and another at the provincial level, we can substitute one for the other, but they have to be at least equal. “Honourable Member for Burlington, May 3, 2012, at 1635

Mr. Speaker, while substitution of reviews is contemplated in Bill C-38, there is not a requirement for “an identical level of review,” for it “to be at least equal,” nor “for meeting federal requirements.”  The summary pages describing the legislation call the substitution “equivalent,” but that word appears nowhere in the operative sections of C-38.  In fact, the relevant section of the new CEAA offers no criteria at all for a discretionary decision by the Minister that the substitution would be “appropriate:”

“If the Minister is of the opinion that a process for assessing the environmental effects of designated projects that is followed by the government of a province …that has the powers, duties or functions in relation to an assessment of the environmental effects of a designated process would be an appropriate substitute, the Minister must, on request of the province approve the substitution.” (s 32)

These examples of claims for subject matter not covered at all in C-38 (pipeline and tanker safety), as well as for subject areas included, but without the strength of criteria repeatedly referenced in debate, are further evidence that the legislation is imperfect.  I will not accept that so many honourable members spoke in an effort to mislead the House.  The members clearly believe that C-38 meets the description they have given the House.  Furthermore, as all speeches delivered by Conservative Party Members of Parliament are reviewed in advance by the Prime Minister’s Office (and given similarity of wording, were likely written by the same person on PMO staff), the Prime Minister cannot but agree that the legislation falls short of his own stated goals.

Whether through hasty drafting or other error, the legislation does not meet the description offered by three Members of Privy Council as well as several Honourable Members.  It is imperfect and unready and should be withdrawn.


In conclusion, Mr. Speaker, I wish to put forward a further compelling reason with which I beg that you reject C-38 as violating the Standing Orders of this place.  And that is this: the respect of the body politic for this institution is at stake. 

I recall the words of the late journalist, a great Canadian, James Travers.  We were both on CBC Sunday Edition in the spring of 2009, discussing the threats to our institutions.  He commented that we really no longer have democracy in Canada. He said (and I am paraphrasing) “you can visit Ottawa and what you’ll see is a democracy theme park. The buildings are still there. You can tour Parliament, but you will no longer see democracy.”  

I refuse to accept that such is the case.  I acknowledge that democracy is not a permanent state of existence. It can be won, as in Arab Spring. And it can be lost. It can be lost through violence; it can be lost through neglect.  

It does not survive without the constant application of checks on abuse of power.  It needs openness. Those things done by stealth invariably breed an unhealthy loss of respect in our democratic institutions.  Sunlight is a great antiseptic.  The myriad, unrelated pieces of legislation under cover of C-38, should, to respect Westminster Parliamentary democracy, be brought out of the shadows, and be tabled separately, and studied on their own merit.

To allow C-38 to masquerade as a legitimate omnibus bill will bring our institutions into greater disrepute.  C-38 is widely understood in the popular media as a fraud.

Andrew Coyne wrote in the National Post that C-38 “is not remotely a budget bill, despite its name…,” further noting that while throwing non-budgetary matters into a budget bill is not unknown, in C-38 “the scale and scope are on a level not previously seen, or tolerated….. There is no common thread that runs between them, no overarching principle; they represent not a single act of policy; but a sort of compulsory buffet.” (“Bill C-38 shows us how far Parliament has fallen,” National Post, April 30, 2012)     

John Ivison in the National Post, noting that the excuse for the omnibus approach is the “urgency” to move projects to approval, maintained “But it is not so ‘urgent’ that it justifies an end-run around 145 years of Parliamentary tradition…Someone, somewhere deep within the Prime Minister’s Office took the decision to try to cram as much contentious legislation in one mega-bill in order to minimize the political fall-out. It was a dumb move and it has blown up in their faces… condemned by all but the most blinkered of partisans.” (“Liberty lost in stampede to pass Tories’ omnibus budget bill,” National Post, May 7, 2012).   

Terry Glavin wrote, “Bill C-38 is a heck of a thing. It’s an omnibus bill that purports to be a budget bill but isn’t. It’s a statutory juggernaut that introduces, amends or repeals nearly 70 federal laws. It’s been presented to the House of Commons in a manner that may be without close precedent in Canadian Parliamentary history,” (“Something’s fishy with Bill C-38,” Ottawa Citizen, May 7, 2012).  

Dan Gardner wrote: “…the government’s mammoth Bill C-38, which is theoretically the budget implementation bill…is in reality a vast number of pieces of legislation that have nothing to do with each other, or the budget. Piling most of the government’s legislative agenda in one bill ensures scrutiny will be kept to a minimum, which is in keeping with the government’s unprecedented use of time allocation and closure to shut down parliamentary debate.” (“Tories governing from the extreme centre,” Ottawa Citizen, June 1, 2012.)

We, as Parliamentarians, must be the bulwark against abuse of power, even in a majority government.  Our only shield is our traditions, the Standing Rules, precedent and respect for the same.  Our only hope is in a fair judge.  I turn to you, Mr. Speaker, without fear or favour, sine timore aut favore, to rule fairly and protect Westminster Parliamentary democracy, to restore public faith in our institutions, and to order Bill C-38, a bill imperfect in form and shape, to be withdrawn pursuant to our Standing Rules.

For our complete coverage of the budget implementation act see here.


‘To allow C-38 to masquerade as a legitimate omnibus bill will bring our institutions into greater disrepute’

  1. Go go May! Excellent speech, with great points.

  2. I have a feeling the Speaker’s response to this will be a more verbose equivalent of “this is all debatable, and can be debated before the House.”

    • If he does the media should have a field day exposing the Speaker for the partisan hack that he is.

    • I’m pretty sure he’s got that line written on the inside of his right hand in case he forgets.

  3. Excellent work May. This bill does not hold my values.

  4. I disagree with her on numerous issues, but Elizabeth May is the best MP in Canada.

    • I’m starting to lean that way myself. I’ll be taking a more serious look at my local Green candidate next time out.

    • I agree, this was very well done. Not sure about the best MP but a really good one.

  5. Wow. Breathtakingly good.

  6. Speaker Scheer will wait for instructions from the PMO before siding with the government.

    • Most definitely.

      It was a great effort on the part of May – I like her more and more – but the ruling with Scheer as PMO Puppet… er… Speaker… is a foregone conclusion.

  7. Just waiting for the conbots to come and accuse her of being sa sore loser, in refutation of all of the points above.

  8. The third section “Items that Privy Council Officers believe to be in C-38, that are not there” is actually comical. This was a fantastic read

    • I especially liked “I will not accept that so many honourable members spoke in an effort to mislead the House.” Now that’s high road comedy!

  9. See what one MP can do, Mr. Wilks?

    • So much more than a “brick in the toilet tank of democracy” (Feschuk’s finest line to date).

  10. It is incorrect to say this bill does not have a unifying theme.
    Problem they will have is that they can’t say what it is out loud and in public.

    • That is the point isn’t it: Back down or admit the truth.

  11. Elizabeth May ROCKS!!!!

  12. This is what a REAL parliamentarian sounds like! Elizabeth May for Prime Minister!

  13. This is amazing.

  14. Yeah Elizabeth! Wow. Tremendous research and delivery.

  15. YAY May!

  16. Too bad Canadian citizens can’t download a .pdf of Bill C-38 so they can read it for themselves. The Parliament of Canada page is simply an HTML document with a gazillion links on it.

  17. I see our “public servants” (cough.. corp. shill) has been dispatched to spin propaganda in response to the Nationwide BlackOutSpeakOut campaign. Save our pennies, lies don’t stick in the 21st century. To attempt to manipulate 70 laws that threaten Canada and Canadians rights is not for Canadians or in the interest of our country’s future.

    As I current listen to CPAC, I see there are real concerns within the house regarding Canadian rights, protections, economy and legal governance. “BillC38 is a Fraud.” Elizabeth May. In order for a bill to be deemed a legitimate Omnibus it needs a single
    focus. A focus that does not exist. Changes to federal laws are
    included that are unrelated under the umbrella of “budget” (from a gov.
    creating a largest deficit ever?). Justifying foreign theft impacts so many laws when things like water and human rights get in the way.
    I am disgusted with our no longer “Canadian” Harper government.

    Petition Online: Defend Canada’s Democracy and Environment from Bill C-38
    15000+ signatures and counting in only a few days!http://www.thepetitionsite.com/takeaction/286/802/967/?z00m=20308889
    Black Out Speak Out

  18. Way to go, best presentation in the house of fools on the hill in a long time

  19. The members on the Government side and many of the
    opposition should be ashamed of the usual drivel they produce. This point of
    order is the standard of work we should expect of all members all of the time
    not an aberrant blip that surprises the press because of its rarity.

    Proud to have voted
    Green today, let’s hope we get the privilege of being represented by a few more
    sometime soon.

  20. Articulate, measured and thoughtful arguments without the vitriolic prose of many of her MP counterparts. Nicely done.

  21. I disagree with E. May on most things..but this is well done. I am a conservative and if all she says here is true I am not very happy with what has happened there. This bill should be withdrawn and reconsidered and the tradition concerning a central theme folowed. I guess we will see…

    • Submitted respectfully – mr. harper has spent the last six years trying to succeed by duping people in your circumstances.

    • Being a Conservative no longer means what it used to mean, McCluth. When the actions of a party that is supposed to reflect the values this country was founded upon instead cause us to hang our heads in shame… then there’s something very rotten in the cabinet.

  22. This is fantastic. I wish I could believe that the Speaker would listen to words, but there’s so much contempt for Parliament in the bill that I find it hard to believe the PM doesn’t have contempt for the role of Speaker as well. If he rules it’s not an omnibus bill you can bet Harper’s telling him that his political career is over.

    • Great individuals have committed ‘class’ or political suicide for the greater good before. Let us think of Ghandi. Let’s hope that, in his case, courage, integrity and decency can prevail over fear and greed.

  23. The Pirates are coming !
    The Pirates are coming!!
    Encourage your conservative MP to go independent or better still join the Greens.

  24. I am so pleased, delighted, that Elizabeth May, an individual Member of Parliament, has been able to mount such an effective and informed charge against Bill C-38, the Harper Governments bogus omnibus bill. She is succeeding where two opposition parties have failed. Let us see the other MPs do their homework and safeguard our government and parliament and the political health of Canada. Elizabeth May has proven and will continue to demonstrate the power of the informed individual in our democracy. Thank you to those who made sure she was elected as an Member of Parliament; you have provided us with a guiding light in the House of Commons.

  25. it was good to see the full text.. long but highly informative.. would that more MP’s had her intelligence and integrity! Congratulations the honourable Ms May!

  26. wow…Elizabeth May, a Point of Order, and sheer brilliance…she knows her stuff….Bravo! LOVE DEMOCRACY!

  27. Absolutely brilliant! She sets the bar high for all other MPs, not to mention the Prime Minister. Way to go Elizabeth May!

  28. It is time NOW that Canadians of all stripes and from all regions assume their responsibility to hold their government accountable for their actions and votes in Parliament. We are facing a very slippery slope if we do not act to ensure federal politicians are acting in their interest to protect fundamental democratic freedoms and rights including not just economic but environmental and social well-being…I say bring out our pots and pans to Parliament Hill and in front of Conservative MP riding offices in the days leading up to Canada Day and demand that the Speaker of the House withdraw Bill C-38 as being “imperfect in form and shape” requiring a total overhaul so that the people of this country can have a proper and fully-informed debate over its contents – perhaps then, we might have a chance of celebrating our national day as a respected symbol of our self-determination….vive Canada libre!

  29. Elizabeth May is the best MP in the house.

  30. Hedges thinks Quebec protests is big enough to infect Canada and move south to the USA !!!

    snip snip: If the street protests in Quebec, the most important
    resistance movement in the industrialized world, spread to all of Canada
    and reach the United States, there remains the possibility of hope.



  31. Absolutely incredible. Well-written and artfully delivered – I have a newfound respect for Elizabeth May as a true defender of Canadian democracy in the face of Harper’s dictatorship of deceit.

  32. This bill is a barely disguised assault on democratic institutions AND on the environment. I’m not sure how much lower the Conservatives can go.

  33. This disasterous bill must be stopped in it´s tracks! The conservatives are simply going too far and too fast in a direction that very few of us want to go.

  34. when i share this article on Facebook the picture of Ms. May is replaced by that of a construction worker… not as effective, really!

  35. Amazing. All these constitutional lawyers in the audience proclaiming the brilliance of dizzy lizzie.

    • Huh?

  36. Go, Elizabeth! I’m so proud you are my MP!! But we need so many more to back you up. Still, you are showing what the power of one voice can do!

  37. Intelligent, well spoken and on the mark. Elizabeth and her team exemplify the kind of representation a country as enviable as Canada deserves. Who votes in these egotists who are so focused on their own agenda?? You may have helped destroy one of the best places on earth.

  38. Corporate fascism is the name of this BillC38. I watched the livestream. This bill is grotesque. A shredder is too good for BillC38. I wish our public servants could actually run the country instead of needing to fight for our democracy within parliament day after day.

  39. Sadly, I wonder how many voting canadians have the attention span to read through this entire speech and take note of its significance.

  40. Wow!.. Well done Elizabeth May! You have gained much respect as a true Parliamentarian . Bravo! to you and your team!

  41. May is the standard by which all parliamentarians should measure themselves. Since taking her seat, she has shown time and again that the house is a place where ALL voices should be heard. Our democracy is broken almost beyond repair, and if a bill like C-38 passes because a majority of members in THEIR seats vote with their party rather than representing their constituents, its complete failure will be assured (along with the public’s faith in parliament).

  42. Macleans (once owned by Asper and Conrad Black) had plenty of time to allow suitable material to be printed in its pages to influence voters from voting for the likes of Mulroney-Martin-Harper and NAFTA, etc., Instead, for decades, Macleans chose to print articles by His Lordship’s wife, et al, to encourage thoughts along the lines of inequality as well as treason–the foreign takeover of our country and businesses. Because of its large media ownership, Asper-Black promoted the corporate elite–the New Feudalism and inequality on a grand scale never before seen on this planet. For 40 years, Maclean’s has discouraged any discourse on an egalitarian and environmentally conscious Canada. .Not once did it do an investigation of the any of the rightwing McNews devices, such as the Fraser Institute, which recently received multi-billions from the Koch Bros, of US oil infamy. Only NOW Macleans’ is taking an interest in democracy and the environment? Too little way too late. But better late than never, I guess.

  43. Elizabeth May is one of the few politicians that has consistently spoken out about our failing democratic institutions. Perhaps Bill C-38 will be the catalyst for change.

  44. Well done Elizabeth May and team! Let us vote as we need to vote to unite the ‘left’ and not let the ‘right’ rule us.

  45. Elizabeth May – A diamond emerges from the manure pile that is the political landscape of Canada. I’m so glad to have voted Green last time around. Ms. May sparkles.

  46. Thank you Elizabeth for standing up for our democracy.

  47. Elizabeth MAY IS the best MP in Canada. Thank you for being for ALL !!!

  48. Okay, read Ms. Mays’ critique of C-38. Although she did indeed do her due diligence, as any parliamentarian should. Her cunningly worded discertation, although well written, seemed vaguely familiar to the also cunningly worded C-38 executed by members of the same club she is a duely appointed member of and of whom she so eliquently commented upon in her critique. We citizens in the know are wondering, how on earth the average citizen, who is dog tired of endeavouring to understand the contiunal blatent, confusing to the 10th power, bastardization of not only the English language, but all Languages everywhere, who have had there ability to focus whittled away through the medium of supposed convenience and downsizing of their freely given intellect, will be assisted in the aquiring of understanding of any of the new corporate speech making in the guise of political will. Have been trying for years to assist others in understanding and comprehending what is really happening, some listen, however most just turn away. The extent that Ms. May did her homework is miniscule in comparison to the depth of the climate of deception now plaquing the entire global political system. Soon, due to the ineptitude of the political puppets, the downfall of all world governments will come at the hand of The United Nations which will make our World much less paletable than is believed now. The disbanding of long held beliefs, implemented Draconian Measures by the most deplorable, committed of individuals, and the erosion of freedom of choice, thought by 7.5 plus billion human beings, the destructuion of trillions plus life forms, the continual raping of our home, Earth, will shock the most ardent supporters of this Entity. Okay, now if the internal fortitude is there and fear be damned, let the debate begin. Have a great day everyone!